17/01/2022

1901, Chicago US – Pan-American Exposition

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1901 Chicago

Name:Pan-American Exposition
Dates:23 – 30 Mar 1901, the first-day by invitation-only
Days:8
Venue:Chicago Coliseum Exposition Hall
Theme:Originally the National Automobile Exhibition, but soon
became known as the Chicago Auto Show
Exhibitors:Space cost $1.00-1.50/sq ft
Awards:
Visitors:10:00 – 22:30, admission 50 cents ($12 in 2017) 5,000 attended
Legacy:

The Motor Age magazine launched and funded the original event. The only promotion was the magazine owner’s editorial and two small newspaper advertisements.

It was to be held in the first Coliseum. Construction had started in 1895 to create a second Coliseum with 58,000 sq ft of exhibition space on the 1893 World’s Columbian Exhibition site, but the structure collapsed and they had to start again. The 300 ft (91m) x 700 ft (213m) was completed by Jun 1896. Twice the size of Madison Square Garden it offered 28,328 sq m (7 acres).

This venue was opened by Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show, then hosted the Democratic Party’s national convention and later presented the largest three-ring circus of Barnum and Bailey. It burned down after just nineteen months.

Exterior (possibly of a later event)

A third Coliseum was built by relocating the structure of Libby Prison from Richmoind Virginia where it had held Confederate prisoners.

1901 Interior

On opening day two cars raced each other, but set on rollers with a dial that displayed their speeds. The winner achieved an average 62 mph to complete a mile in 58 seconds.

A ‘motor bicycle’ was shown, forerunner of the motorcycle, reports said it ‘sped around the ring with lightning rapidity, gracefully winding its way around the larger vehicles’.

Interior showing the peripheral track

Vehicles were run on a tenth-of-a-mile wooden test track built for the use of visitors; Henry Ford was still two years away from founding his company and seven years from launching the Model T. The Chicago
Tribune commented that the show had attracted many wealthy visitors and would soon ‘rival the horse show as a society event’.

1901 postcard

In 1901 the cars displayed were no more than three horsepower, in 2017 several super cars on show were rated at 700 bhp. Today it is run by the CATA, Chicago Automobile Trade Association. The 2017 show was its 108th edition making it the longest running auto show in the USA. It was held at McCormick Place had 1,000 vehicles filling one million square feet (93,000 sqm) and five indoor test tracks. It attracts 1m visitors each year.

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Back to 1900, New York US – Horseless Carriage Show
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