05/12/2022

Norse Period 3 – Baeldaeg to Eoppa

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[GGF48]

GGF48 – Baeldaeg [or Beldeg or Baldr] Odinsson (243-280 [or 330])

One of the sons of Odin/Woden, Bældæg was claimed as the originator of the line of princes which migrated to Britain in the fifth century. These princes are claimed as the founders of the Saxon Gewissae peoples who may have occupied the Thames Valley region, near to today’s Dorchester-on-Thames.

Baeldaeg had reputedly over twenty siblings, including a sister Gefion Skojld.

Bældæg is also known as Baldur or Baldr, the god of Norse tales, and Balday of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. His elevation to godhood would have been a natural feature of Norse and Anglo-Saxon society with its focus on the heroic figure. The name ‘Baeldaeg’, daeg means day, bael might be derived from the Celtic god, Belenus or Belenos.

He married Nanna Gewarsdatter Princess of Norway (247-310), they had a son, Brand.

Euphemerism saw Bældæg lauded as a god, the god of light, joy, purity, beauty, innocence, and reconciliation. Son of Odin and Frigg, he was loved by both gods and men and was considered to be the best of the gods. He had a good character, was friendly, wise and eloquent, although he had little power.

His wife was Nanna daughter of Nep, and their son was Forseti, the god of justice. Bældæg ‘s hall was Breidablik (“broad splendor”). Snorri relates that there is no place more beautiful than his hall, Breidablik. Snorri also describes that Bældæg had the greatest ship ever built, named Hringhorni.

Most of the stories about Bældæg concern his death. He had been dreaming about his death, so Frigg extracted an oath from every creature, object and force in nature (snakes, metals, diseases, poisons, fire, etc.) that they would never harm Bældæg . All agreed that none of their kind would ever hurt or assist in hurting Bældæg . Thinking him invincible, the gods enjoyed themselves thereafter by using Balder as a target for knife-throwing and archery.

The malicious trickster, Loki, was jealous of Bældæg . He changed his appearance and asked Frigg if there was absolutely nothing that could harm the god of light. Frigg, suspecting nothing, answered that there was just one thing: a small tree in the west that was called mistletoe. She had thought it was too small to ask for an oath. Loki immediately left for the west and returned with the mistletoe. He tricked Bældæg ‘s blind twin brother Hod into throwing a mistletoe fig (dart) at Bældæg . Not knowing what he did, Hod threw the fig, guided by Loki’s aim. Pierced through the heart, Bældæg fell dead he was ceremonially burnt upon his ship, Hringhorni, the largest of all ships.

This event is considered as the firststep towards the gods ultimate destuction at Ragnarok.

[GGF47]

GGF47 – Brand [or Brond] Baeldaegsson of Slevsig, King of West Saxons (271-360)

Brand was born in Ancient Saxony in 271. He and his wife had two sons, Frithogar [Frjodigar] (299-?) and Bernic (300-?). He died in 360, aged 89.

[GGF46]

GGF46 – Bernic [or Bernoc] Brandsson of Slevsig (256-?)

Born in 256, no data on wife, but they had two sons, Aloc (300-?) and Beornd (321-?)

[GGF45]

GGF45 – Aloc [or Aloe] (300-?)

Born in 300, Aloc was the father of Angenwit.

[GGF44]

GGF44 – Angenwit Alocsson (345-?)

Born in 345 he was the father of Ingwy.

[GGF43]

GGF43 – Ingwy [or Ingwui] Angewiting (365-?)

Born in 365 in Denmark, he was the father of Esa.

[GGF42]

GGF42 – Esa [or Oesa] Inguisson(437-516)

Born in Kent in 437 he was the father of Eoppa.

[GGF41]

GGF41 – Eoppa Esing of Bernicia (487-559)

Born in Bernicia in 487, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records him as the son of Esa and grandson of Ingwy.

Eoppa was King of Bernicia from the 520s-547. He was the father of Ida and Giappa, who would both become Kings of Bernicia. Eoppa is also described as the King of the Angles.

Roman sources place the homeland of the tribe of Jutes north of the river Eider and that of the Angles south of it. They migrated to Britain after the Romans had departed

He died in 547 at the age of 59-60, in Bernicia.

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