GGF6 – Philip Allen III
Philip III and Sarah children
More on Postal Services
Sir Philip Carteret
George and Elizabeth children
GGF6 – Philip Allen (III) was born on 10 Oct 1736 in Bath Somerset, his parents were GGF7 – Philip Allen II (1695-1765) and GGM7 – Jane Bennett (1703-1767)
The Witchcraft Act of 1735 became law, criminalising claimants accusing people of practising witchcraft or of possessing magical powers, intended to end legal witch trials in Britain.
The Gin Act 1736 comes into effect in an attempt to curtail the consumption of gin.
One of the earliest records of use of a bathing machine is made at Scarborough, North Yorkshire
In 1763 Philip Allen III married the wealthy GGM6 – Sarah Maria Carteret (1739-1819) of Kensington London, they had nine children, however two died in infancy and four were unmarried.
|Philip Allen IV (1764–1765),||died in infancy|
|GGF5 – George Edward Allen (1766–1850)|
Anne Jones (1757-1792)
married 4 Apr 1784 at St Swithins, Walcot, Bath, Somerset
|GGF4 – Daniel Allen (1784-1864)|
|Matilda Dorothea Allen (1767–1839)||unmarried|
|Ralph Anthony Allen (1769–1813)||no data on marriage or issue|
|James Carteret Allen (1771–1791)||unmarried|
|Mariana Allen (1772–1853)||unmarried|
|Henry Edmund (Edmond) Allen (1775–1829)|
Frances ‘Fanny’ Lloyd (1780- )
|– Fanny Allen (1808-1823), unmarried|
– Henry Edmond Allen (1810-1837), amateur artist of some note, died at Smyrna (Turkey) on way to exploring Central Asia
– Mary Matilda Allen (1811-1846) unmarried
– Lt Philip Aylmer Allen (1813-1843), died in Buenos Aires (Argentina) from a fall from a horse
– Gertrude Marianna Allen (1814-1893) married May 1839 to Wilson Gun of Rattoo (Co Kerry)
– Maj Ralph Shuttleworth Allen (1817-1887) married Anne E Cunard 1844, and Augusta Etheldreda ‘Ethel’ Allen in 1864
|Philip Allen (1778–1781)||died in infancy|
|Maria Janetta Allen (1780–1866)||unmarried|
More on Postal services:
As early as the sixteenth century horses were used to carry the royal mail. Sir Brian Tuke, appointed by Henry VIII, oversaw a system of riders on routes from London to Edinburgh, Holyhead, Falmouth, Dover, and Dublin. Each stage, or post, was about 20 miles in length. After this distance, tired horses needed to be exchanged for fresh replacements.
From 1574, each ‘Post Master’ had to have at least three horses available for use. At the sound of the approaching Post-Boy’s horn, his own Post-Boy was made ready to start the next stage of the journey.
A public postal service was introduced in 1635. Riders on horseback carried the mail. The riders, or post-boys, wore scarlet livery, and barely travelled more than three miles per hour in those early years. Though they could manage a faster four miles per hour if given a premium express delivery.
The dirt roads were in notoriously poor condition and the journey was challenging even for fresh horses. Initially only six post roads led out of London. Letters were carried from post to post by post-boys and delivered to the local postmaster/postmistress, who removed the letters for their area and had them delivered. The post-boy would then continue on to the next post, carrying the other letters.
Before 1765, sending a letter a short distance outside London cost 3d, and sending a letter halfway across the country cost one shilling, then a week’s wages for most people. To cut costs, business concerns preferred to ship their goods down a river or up a canal, rather than chance a slow and dangerous journey by road, where highwaymen and robbers lay in wait – post-boys proved easy prey.
Many areas of the country didn’t have easy access to the postal system because few of the mail routes came near to them. In the early 18th century, it was Ralph Allen who added a system of crossroads, which connected two post roads, thus covering more of the country.
By-posts ran between a post road and a town some distance from it. A way-letter went between two towns on the same post road. Instructions were put on the bottom left corner of letters, hence early covers often arrived with ‘Cross post’ or ‘X-post’ written on them.
Ralph Allen (who later became the model for Squire Allworthy in Fielding’s Tom Jones) also began to stamp out corrupt practices. He had postmasters send him quarterly returns and swear an oath that their figures were accurate. All by- and cross-letters were to be stamped, and tallies kept of all the unstamped mail that came into the postmasters’ hands. As a result of these measures, income from the mail service increased dramatically.
Apart from stamping out bad practice, Allen expanded the routes used by the postal service. During his tenure, he established posts from London to Bristol, Bath, Cambridge, Norwich and Yarmouth, and also increased the number of deliveries that were made. By the time Allen died in 1764, by- and cross-letters were a profitable source of revenue and the department was soon incorporated within the Inland section of the Post Office.
On his uncle Ralph Allen’s death in 1764, Philip III succeeded him as the Comptroller of the By- and Cross-Road Letter Office at Bath.
Sarah Maria Carteret was the daughter of GGF7 – Captain James Carteret (II) (1694- ), and granddaughter to GGF8 – George Carteret (1667-1695) and great-granddaughter to GGF9 – Sir Philip Carteret (1639-1672) and great-great-granddaughter to GGF10 George Carteret (1608-1680) all four were born on Jersey.
GGF8 – George Carteret (1667-1695)
GGF9 – Sir Philip Carteret (1639-1672),
The family’s fame and fortune was created by GGF10 – Sir George de Carteret (1610-1680), the 1st Baron of Melesches, Jersey. George dropped the ‘de’ in his name when he joined the Royal Navy, as being rather too French. In 1635 he married Elizabeth de Carteret (1620-1697), his cousin, thus with the same maiden name. She was daughter of GGF11 – Philippe de Carteret II, (1584-1643), the 3rd Seigneur de Sark.
GGF10 – Sir George Carteret (1610-1680)
1st Baron of Melesches
GGM10- Elizabeth Carteret (1620-1697)
The family has claims to fame beyond that of GGF10 – Sir George, we have traced this family back to GGF14 – Sir Edward de Carteret (1486-1553).
Perhaps their prime moment follows this line : GGF13 – Helier (Elias) de Carteret 1st Seigneur of Sark / GGF12 – Philip de Carteret of St Ouen (1552-1594) / GGF11 – Philippe II de Carteret, 3rd Seigneur de Sark [a lso the father of GGM10 Elizabeth, see above} / GGU10 – Philippe III de Carteret
Philippe III provided them with royal connections when he married the Princess Royal Mary Henrietta (1631-1660) of the House of Stuart, she was both the daughter of King Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France.
This branch makes King Charles I the father-in-law of Jane’s 10th great-granduncle!
Van Dijk painting of
the Princess Royal Mary Henrietta
at age six
Mary Henrietta was first married, in 1641 at the age of 9, to the future Willam II, Prince of Orange (1626-1650), ruler of the Netherlands. Mary bore him a son when 19 years-old. However, the birth occurred eight days after William II’s death in 1850, and their son promptly became William III of Orange and Mary became her infant son’s regent in the Netherlands.
In 1651 Mary Henrietta married Philippe de Carteret III, and they had one child, Elizabeth, born in 1653. Mary died of smallpox in 1660 before reaching thirty years of age. After Mary’s death and full-grown, on the 5th November 1688, William arrived at the head of a 450-strong fleet into Torbay and marched on London, known as the Glorious Revolution. He was crowned the next year as King William III of Great Britain.
Back to Jane’s GGP10s – George and Elizabeth Carteret had eight children:
GGF9 – Sir Philip Carteret (1639–1672)
Lady Jemima Montagu (1642-1671)
Jemima was the daughter of Edward Montagu, the Earl of Sandwich. Philip died in a naval battle, off Southwold, in the third Anglo-Dutch War.
GGF8 – George Carteret (1667–1695)
– George was brought up by his grandmother, and married Lady Grace Grenville in 1688, their fourth son was Capt James Carteret. It was his daughter Sarah Maria who married Jane’s 6th GGF – Philip Allen III (1736-1785)
Philip Carteret II (1669–1693) [Died at sea?]
Mary Ann Carteret (1670–)
Edward Carteret (1671–1739)
|GGF8 – James Carteret (1642–1682)|
Frances du la Valle (DeLeval) (1646-1688)
|Elizabeth Carteret (1674–1720)|
Phillip Edward Carteret (1677–)
Hannah Carteret (1680–1780)
George Carteret (1681–1703)
|Sir George Carteret (II) (1644–1656), unmarried|
|Anne Carteret (1645–1668)|
Sir Nicholas Stanning, Baronet of Maristow (1643-1691)
|no apparent issue|
Caroline Carteret (1649–1680)
Sir Thomas Scott (1638-1688)
Scott was grandson to George Goring , the Earl of Norwich.
|Thomas Carteret (1670–1729)|
George Carteret (1673–1728)
William Carteret (1680–1750)
|Rachel Carteret (1651–), unmarried|
|Catharine Carteret (1652–1710)|
Edward Taylor (1649-1710) [a notable Quaker]
|Edward Taylor (1678–1734)|
Hannah Taylor (1680–1716)
Isaac Taylor (1680–1764)
Nathaniel Taylor (1680–1767)
George Johnstone Taylor (1684–1758)
Thomas Taylor (1686–1721)
William Nathaniel Taylor (1688–1744)
John Taylor (1690–1721)
Joseph Taylor (1692–1767)
|Louisa Margaret Carteret (1652–1716)|
Robert Atkyns of Sapperton (1647-1711)
Samuel Pepys suggested Louisa’s family’s nickname was ‘Louisonne’. Pepys liked and admired Lady Elizabeth Carteret calling her ‘the most kind lady in the world‘.
|no apparent issue|
GGF8 – George Carteret (1667–1695)
George Carteret is considered something of a divisive character in Jersey, with some seeing him as a swashbuckling local hero, others as a prolific slave trader who made his fortune through piracy and slaving. But they do have a statue of him:
George had served as an officer in various naval ships in the 1630s but when the Civil War started he retired from the navy, and withdrew with his family back to Jersey, where he became its Bailiff for eight years. When King Charles I was executed, it was George who arranged that the king’s son Charles II was proclaimed as king at Saint Helier on 17 Feb 1649.
After this proclamation in Jersey, Charles II rewarded George by re-authorising his privateering. He sent Carteret a bundle of Letters of Marque, signed by himself in ink, with a blank for the names of the captain and boat left for Carteret to fill in, and soon once more, Jersey privateers were making the Channel dangerous for ships flying Cromwell’s flag.
He was later to serve as Treasurer of the Navy, and later still was appointed to become one of the Lords of the Admiralty. For his loyalty, Charles II also awarded George with large tracts of land in the American colonies and named this area as ‘New Jersey‘ in his honour. He was appointed as proprietor of East Jersey and in 1643 became lieutenant governor of his native island of Jersey.
In 1663, with several others, he was also granted the proprietorship of Carolina and in 1664, in conjunction with Lord Berkeley, was granted part of New Jersey. His widow sold his claim to twelve purchasers by public auction, who joined with twelve others to found the ‘Regime of Twenty-Four proprietors’ of East New Jersey.
George’s second son, James (I) (1642-1682) (one of Jane’s GGF9s) was sent to France by his mother when Jersey’s Elizabeth Castle surrendered to Parliamentary forces in 1651. He was brought up and educated there and eventually followed his father by going to sea, probably as a privateer.
The following year he joined the Navy as Lieutenant on the Royal Prince, before taking command of the Oxford. By July 1667 he had risen to Vice-Admiral of the British Fleet against the French in the West Indies, and in the next two years he commanded the Foresight and the Jersey.
James captained one of the early voyages of the Royal African Company, the original London based slaving monopoly. Leaving London in January 1663, he picked up 302 slaves in the port of Offra in the Bight of Benin and transported them to the West Indies, twenty died during the passage. In 1664 he sold his “cargo” into Barbados and St Kitts.
James was ambitious, and put himself at the head of the malcontents in New Jersey in opposition to his distant cousin Philip de Carteret, then the Governor of the territory. The insurgents called an assembly at Elizabethtown in the spring of 1672, formally deposed Philip Carteret, and elected James as their governor.
But it didn’t last, the settlers were frustrated that the proprietors meddled in politics but did nothing to defend against attacks from the Spanish, by the French and by Native Americans. They reported ‘he [James] gives forth continual threatenings against those that do not obey his orders, and has persons adhering to him that probably will be ready to execute his will, so that they may have the plundering of our estates…’ Philip thereafter returned and resumed his role,
Sir George died in 1679 as a very rich man. His elder brother dead, James would normally have inherited a large share of this fortune, but his father left him only £100 a year, and that on condition that he renounced all claims to lands in Jersey. He did however return to Jersey, where he died and was buried in St. Peter’s Church on 12 Sept 1682.