05/12/2022

1894, Antwerp BE – Exposition International d’Anvers

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1894 Antwerp

Name:Exposition International d’Anvers
Dates:5 May – 5 Nov 1894
Days:
Venue:As for 1885 Antwerp the venue was adjacent to the Scheldt River, t’Zuid (South)
– 27 ha (66 acres) – buildings of 110,000 sq m (1.2 million sq ft)
Theme:To promote the city of Antwerp as a key port
Exhibitors:12,095 from 32 nations and colonies
Awards:
Visitors:3,000,000 – some claim with season ticket visits it was 5,000,000
– entry was 1BFr, with 1BFR extra for Old Antwerp,
0.5BFr extra for cyclorama and 0.25 BFr for the aquarium
Legacy:The city contributed 500,000 BFr, which allowed the limited company
to reportedly made a 15-25% profit

This Exposition was run by a temporary limited company created by commercial individuals and corporates from Antwerp. These indiviudals came together through the Maatschappij van het Palais voor Nijverheid, Kunst en Handel (Society of the Palace for Industry, Art and Commerce). The Palace in question was fabricated in glass and cast iron and could be configured as a 9,000-seater concert hall (64 m [210 ft] high).

Count Hippolyte d’Ursel was appointed Commissioner General and the Senator,Count de Pret Roose de Calesburg. was the President of the Executive Committee and Alphonse Hertogs was director general of the exhibition. The budget was set at 4 – 4.5m BFr. The event delivered a good profit.

King Leopold II was a patron and formally opened the Exposition.

German pavilion entrance

The 12,095 included Austro-Hungary, Bulgaria, China, Congo, Denmark, Dutch East Indies (Java, Madura and Sumatra), Germany (Bavaria, Prussia, Saxony, and Wurtenberg), Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Mexico, Norway, Ottoman Empire, Persia, Portugal, Romania, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States.

Cyclorama entry

The main attractions were: an aquarium; a cyclorama; ‘Old Antwerp’ a reconstructed area of the 16th c city; Britain presented a south Indian city, showing artisan weavers and metalworkers; ‘Pawnee Bill’ (Major Gordon W. Lillie and his ’49 Oklahoma boomers presented a wild west frontier battle at the fair, but the attraction became bankrupt in summer 1894.

Congo Village

A Congo Free State exhibit, and a village of 144 Congolese, animals and its products (cocoa, coffee, copal, cotton and rubber). This was a ‘human zoo’ with the ‘natives’ studied and measured by scientists – but more serious scandals concerning this colony would emerge later in the decade;

The Royal Museum of Fine Arts had been built before the Exposition but featured prominently as a major visitor attraction during the show.

1894 Antwerp medal

Forward to 1894, Hobart AU – Tasmanian International Exhibition
Back to 1894, Istanbul TR – Istanbul Agricultural and Industrial Exposition
Back to Getting Noticed – Back to VOLUME II Index – Back to bobdenton.com home

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