18/11/2022

1849 Paris FR – Exposition of the Second Republic (11th)

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1849 Paris

Name:Exposition of the Second Republic (11th)
Exposition Nationale des produits de l’industrie agricole et manufacturière
Dates:1 May – 30 Jul 1849
Days:60 days
Venue:Grand Carré des Jeux on the Champs Elysées –
4.5 acres with 22,000 sq m (237,000 sq ft) of temporary buildings
Theme:This was a unifying event to consolidate the Republic, with agriculture as a major theme, while still stressing ‘the nobility of industry’.which was counterposed by event banners stating ‘Honour to Labour’
Exhibitors:5,494
Awards:2,738
Visitors:There was no entrance fee except 1 franc on Thursdays, which was donated to charity.
There was no data on numbers.
Legacy:

This, the eleventh Paris event and organised under the Second Republic. It had been eventful in France across the five years since the 1844 exposition. The last French king, Louise Philippe had been deposed in 1848 and Louis Napoleon Bonaparte )Napoleon III) became president of the Second Republic.

In this perid Brussels, Bordeaux and other cities had sought to emulate Paris. This new show’s full name was
Exposition Nationale des produits de l’industrie agricole et manufacturière.

The 1849 event ran for sixty days from 1 May -30 Jul, it was again held in the Grand Carré des Jeux on the Champs Elysées, with 22,000 sq m (237,000 sq ft) of temporary buildings specially erected.

1849 Main Exposition building
1849 exposition building with Les Invalides behind

There were ten main categories, that include steam locomotives and electrical signal transmission equipment.

From 1848 Algeria had become an integral part of France and therefore it exhibited textiles, marble, soaps and oil at the exhibition.

1849 Agricultural display

This was the first event that prominently featured agricultural products.

President Bonaparte issues prizes at the exposition (Source: The London Illustrated)

While the 1798 event had erected its ‘Temple of Industry’ to replace religion, this 1849 event was staged following the reintroduced of Catholicism as the national faith.

It attracted 5,494 exhibitors and thee were 2,738 prizes awarded – two prizes to Warren-Thompson for heliographic processes, and one to Bayard for early photographic systems.

1849 Exposition courtyard

Henry Cole of the British Royal Society of Arts visited the 1849 event and discussed with the Society’s President, Prince Albert, that Britain should host an international event, the Prince agreed. A Royal Commission was founded to raise funds because it was agreed that it should be self-financed. The commission was soon dominated by industrial and financial leaders who were advocates of free trade, seeing the exhibition as an opportunity to demonstrate its benefits to the world, while promoting the export of British manufactures. The outcome was the 1851 Great Exhibition.

Britain’s Great Exhibition, that was heralded as the first modern World Fair, as a result the French, in 1855, held an Exposition Universelle and sought to attract international exhibitors.

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