Louis XIV was known both as le Grand (the Great) and le Roi Soleil (the Sun King)
Louis was five years old when he ascended to the throne to rule France and Navarre from 1715. A distant cousin Philippe II, Duke of Orléans was Regent until 1723. He also leant heavily upon Cardinal Fleury who was his chief minister from 1726 to 1743, when the Cardinal died.
In 1720 a variant of the Black Death created the last Great Plague of Marseille. It killed 100,000 people in the city and its nearby provinces.
His involvement in the War of the Austrian Succession proved expensive and unfruitful.
The French and Indian War was the North American trigger for a worldwide Seven Years’ War (1754–1763).
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